Writing CD and DVD images

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Mandriva Linux installation discs are provided for download as ISO image files - filename.iso - that have to be written to blank CD or DVD discs. This page contains instructions for writing CD and DVD images to blank recordable or rewriteable discs with various operating systems.

Contents

With Linux

There are many different applications that can write a CD or DVD image in Linux. We will cover the simplest way to write an image in the two main desktop environments - KDE and GNOME - and from the console.

Under KDE

To write a CD or DVD image using KDE, use the K3B application. On most Linux distributions, this will already be installed and available from the system menus. If it is not, use the distribution's package manager to install the K3B package - for instance, on Mandriva Linux, you could go to the Mandriva Control Center, click on "Look at installable software and install software packages", search for k3b and install it, or run urpmi k3b as root at a console.

Once you have K3B installed and running, click on the Tools menu, and then click on Burn CD Image (for a CD image) or Burn DVD ISO Image (for a DVD image). A dialog box will open. In the 'Image to Burn' area, click on the folder icon, and the file chooser will open. Use this to locate your image file, and select it. Ensure the Burning Device is set correctly, and change Speed to 4x (if available). Ensure you have a blank disc of the correct type in the drive, and click Start.

Under GNOME

To write a CD or DVD image using GNOME, navigate to the folder where it is stored (either using the file manager or the links on the desktop). Right click on the image file and select 'Open with "CD/DVD Creator"'. Ensure the correct device is selected in the "Write disc to:" box, and set the "Write speed" to 4x (if available). Ensure you have a blank disc of the correct type in the drive, and click Write. On most Linux distributions, this feature will be available. If it is not, use the distribution's package manager to install the brasero or nautilus-cd-burner package - for instance, on Mandriva Linux, you could go to the Mandriva Control Center, click on "Look at installable software and install software packages", search for brasero and install it, or run urpmi brasero as root at a console.

With the console

To write a CD or DVD image from the console, use the cdrecord or wodim application (some distributions use wodim, some use cdrecord). On most Linux distributions, this will already be installed and available from the system menus. If it is not, use the distribution's package manager to install the cdrecord or cdrkit package - for instance, on Mandriva Linux, you could go to the Mandriva Control Center, click on "Look at installable software and install software packages", search for cdrecord or cdrkit and install it, or run urpmi cdrecord or urpmi cdrkit as root at a console.

To burn the image, use a command like this: wodim -v dev=/dev/hdc speed=4 filename.iso

You may have to change /dev/hdc to the appropriate device for your CD / DVD writer (SATA or SCSI drive are usually named /dev/sr0). In Mandriva Linux, you can find out the device node for your writer from the hardware configuration tool. Other distributions may have similar tools that allow you to find out this information. Change filename.iso to the correct filename. If your distribution uses cdrecord rather than wodim, change the command from wodim to cdrecord.

To record a DVD+RW you need the dvd+rw-tools package (urpmi dvd+rw-tools to install it). To record the image run a command like this:

growisofs -Z /dev/hdc=filename.iso

Replace /dev/hdc by the name of your CD/DVD device.

This command will format your and/or empty your DVD+RW if need, and write the iso image.

With Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows does not include any built-in software with the ability to write CD / DVD images. You will therefore need to install extra software in order to write these images. There are many such applications available; this page does not include an exhaustive list, merely a small range of options.

ISO Recorder

ISO Recorder is a freeware tool which makes image writing available from the Windows shell. Download and install ISO Recorder according to the instructions on the home page, and you can write images in much the same way as under GNOME in Linux: browse to locate the file, right click on it, and choose 'Copy image to CD'. This is the simplest available method for writing disc images under Windows, but it is only available for Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista, and it is only able to write DVD images under Windows Vista: under Windows XP and Windows Server 2003, it can only write CD images.

CDBurnerXP Pro

CDBurnerXP Pro is a freeware CD / DVD writing application for Windows. It can write CD and DVD images under Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003. For instructions on using CDBurnerXP Pro to write a CD / DVD image, see this page on the official site.

BurnCDCC

BurnCDCC (scroll down a bit) is a freeware CD / DVD image writing tool for Windows. It can write CD and DVD images under Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista. To write an image using BurnCDCC, download it, extract the program, run it, choose the image file to burn, enable the Finalize option, set the speed to 4x if available, ensure you have a blank disc of the correct type in the drive, and click Start.

With Mac OS X

OS X includes built-in CD / DVD image writing abilities. There are various different ways to access this functionality. For a selection, read this article from macosxhints.com and the comments on it. The simplest method may be to open the Disk utility, hit CMD+B and select the image to write. More mac hows can be found through advanced search. More software tools under Mac can be accessed via this site.

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