Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring Release Notes
Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring (2010.1) will be soon available. There is information about the new release in various places:
- Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring release notes: these will be updated to reflect the status of the current pre-release.
- Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring Errata: these will be updated to reflect the status of the current pre-release.
This page contains important information the Mandriva Linux (2010.1) release, code name XXXX.
The following topics are covered:
- General information about new features and major changes.
- Changes to the Mandriva installer and upgrade instructions for users of previous releases.
- Changes to supported hardware and drivers.
- Changes regarding software packages.
- Other technical information for experienced users.
Please also refer to Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring Errata - the Errata for the 2010 Spring release. The Errata page contains information on known bugs and problems in the release and instructions on fixing, avoiding or working around them.
For a more detailed and graphical introduction to the most obvious user-visible changes in this release, please see the Release Tour.
Mandriva Linux 2010 Spring is available in several different editions, listed below.
The One edition is an installable live CD integrating the latest proprietary drivers, available free of charge. Six different versions of the One edition are available: two for GNOME and four for KDE, each with a different set of supported languages.
The Powerpack edition includes support, services, a wider range of packages, third-party proprietary applications, a subset of the Fluendo multimedia codec pack, providing support for MP3, WMA and WMV files and Fluendo DVD player.
The Free edition is a pure free / open source software edition, without any of the non-free packages bundled with the other editions, available as a free download.
For more information on the various editions, see Choosing the right edition.
Additional information is also available online:
- List of Compatible/Certified Computers and the detailed Mandriva Hardware Database
- The Mandriva User Forums
- The Mandriva Wiki
This Beta 2 release is available:
- As a Free edition for the x86-32 and x86-64 architectures, on one DVD each, with a traditional installer.
- As a Free edition for the x86-32 and x86-64 architectures, both on one single "dual" CD with a traditional installer.
- As One live-CD (x86-32 architecture only), for GNOME and KDE editions, available for various languages. 4 different One editions are available, 2 for GNOME and 4 for KDE. One isos will be available on 03/05/2010.
Many improvements in guest account management: use of restricted shell, restricted access to other user's files, prevent access for most of Mandriva administration tools...
KA method / Installer
There is a new method to install a Mandriva System: duplicate an already installed one using a clone tool called KA. This is an experimental tool taken from an old research project named CLIC, (cluster product). The cloning process is able to duplicate nodes with different kinds of hardware (network, hdd, sound card etc...), and automatically regenerate his modprobe.conf. The cloning process erase all data on client nodes, so it should be used with care. A full documentation in PDF and HTML is available in the drakx trunk installer subversion repository. ka documentation.
Diskdrake / Installer
File system encryption has been improved and made easier both in diskdrake and installer. "Encrypted" is no longer listed as a Filesystem, but as a checkbox in the creation window. This allows to specify a filesystem to use inside the encrypted partition, while it used to be forced to be ext3/ext4. Another change is that there will be no longer a "dmcrypt" tab listing on the encrypted partitions from various disks. Instead they are displayed in-place, identified also by a lock icon. Passphrase will be asked at boot time. Please note that Plymouth is not able for now to handle messages if you have several encrypted partitions. So one advice would be to use the same passphrase for all encrypted partitions.
As a reminder /boot can not be encrypted, so you need to have a separate unencrypted /boot if you decide to encrypt the root partition /. Encryption management is usable only on Free DVD and Free dual editions.
As a side effect, cryptoloop support, which is obsolete, has been completely removed.
New tag "media_type" has been added in media.cfg. One of the first application is to be able to manage easily media. Non-Free media will not be added anymore on Free installation. More functionnalities coming.
In the Free Edition the Non-free media sources are disabled by default. To comply with the idea that the Free Edition, DVD and free-dual CD, only contain free-open-source-software, when setting up the online media sources in Free Edition installs, the Non-free media sources are added, but disabled by default. For more information see Bug #40033.
You can easily enable the Non-free media sources from the Mandriva Control Center > Software Management > Configure media sources for install and update. Basically you'd need to enable the Non-free and Non-free Updates repositories.
Mandriva configuration utilities now support setting up an encrypted password in GRUB.
- A security summary GUI is now available.
- Added ACLs support (Thanks to Tiago Marques from Caixa Magica).
- It is now possible to run each periodic test and visualize test results using graphical interface.
- Support for different periodicity for each periodic check (e.g., checks could be run on daily, weekly or monthly base).
- Support for task-oriented security levels, providing optimized configurations for desktops, netbooks, local and Internet servers, among others.
- Applications blocker: you can now decide to block some applications for a given user (Thanks also to Tiago Marques from Caixa Magica). Use the new tab for it.
- Add support for custom services: you can now add whatever service you need to be managed by netprofile.
- For more info see this blog post by Eugeni Dodonov.
Mandriva Directory Server
New release of MDS (Mandriva Directory Server).
- New userquota module (Glen Ogilvie) to set disk and network quota for users.
- New bulkimport mode (Glen Ogilvie) to do massive import/update users from a CSV file.
- New sshlpk module to manage OpenSSH LDAP public keys.
- Many updates in translations (French, German, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese).
- Ia-Ora GTK+ theme improvements:
- Tooltips are now a little bigger, have rounded-corners and if you are running with a compositing manager (Compiz, Mutter, Metacity with compositing enabled), they become a bit translucent too.
- Tooltips placement has been improved and should try to avoid hiding the widgets they describe.
- Windows can now be dragged not only from window title (in Metacity or Compiz), but also from window menubar. This is not very useful for Ia-Ora theme but other themes are now trying to remove the distinction between window title and menubar, so it might help.
- mnemonics are now hidden by default, unless you start pressing "Alt" key. It is to help reducing clutter on screen.
- GNOME Panel is now using more space between icons for launchers and status icons.
GNOME 2.30.1, which includes (non exhaustive list):
- Many Epiphany improvements: Webkit page cache enabled, Youtube movie extension available (no flash required), infobar for saving username/password in GNOME keyring, support for GZIP compressed pages.
- Gnome Activity Journal, a tool which uses Zeitgeist to let you browse through the documents you recently worked on, is now available in Mandriva.
- Evolution opens attachments read-only to prevent accidentally loosing modification you might make.
- Vinagre now supports tunnelling VNC connections over SSH.
- GNOME Color Manager, a utility to set up colour profiles for your monitor, is now packaged in Mandriva Cooker.
- Many changes have been implemented in Nautilus before GNOME 3.0 release. Nautilus will then become a file manager only and will not manage desktop anymore. So file management functionalities have been improved and an optional split view has been added fore more convenience.
- You can now configure a background per monitor on a multi-monitor setup.
- Tracker is now replacing Beagle as document search engine.
- Packagekit service is now available for applications, including file-roller (for e.g. installing unzip or unrar utilities when needed).
- Rewritten GDM 2.30.2 is now used as the default GNOME display manager. Please check 2010 Spring Errata as this new version doesn't support all the features from the old 2.20 series. You can still install 2.20 gdm, by using the gdm-220 package.
- udisks and gnome-disk-utility are now used by GNOME tools, replacing HAL, for disk handling.
- There were further performance improvements in the GLib library.
- LightsOff: A new GNOME game.
- Improved IRC support for Empathy and support for Facebook chat, using XMPP standard protocol.
- Seed supported by more and more applications.
- GtkBuilder is one of the new APIs used for applications.
- Cheese: the webcam application has been split into different libraries, making it easier for other applications to integrate webcam functionality (like avatar choosers in instant messaging applications).
- A preview of GNOME-Shell (2.29.1), which will be part of GNOME 3, is now available. You should use "GNOME3Preview" session to test GNOME-Shell (and you need 3D support from your graphics card). GNOME-Shell is available on One live-CD, GNOME edition. You will need to install the live CD if you want to evaluate GNOME-Shell.
- KDE 4.4.2 (final release) has had a number of improvements since 4.3.x:
- The brand new Window Tabbing, this enables you to group windows together, which makes handling large numbers of application windows easier as you can group the relevant ones, according to your work flow, together
- Possible crashes in Plasma, Dolphin and Okular have been fixed
- A performance problem in KMail when sending emails has been fixed
- Numerous fixes in Konsole, KDE's terminal emulator, among them two possible crashers in session management
- Flash plugin support in KHTML has been enhanced to work with newest Youtube skins
- Fixes for Case-sensitivity when renaming in KIO, KDE's network-transparent I/O library
- Microblog applet now shows the correct time in the timeline
- The audioplayer KRunner plugin has been fixed to not freeze the KRunner UI
- Backported fixes / improvements for kdegraphics from KDE trunk
- Backported fixes / improvements for Nepomuk from KDE trunk
- Better plymouth support/integration in KDM
- The GetHotNewStuff interface in KDE4 has been further improved to make it easier to install available third party content
- KGet now has support for digital signature checking and downloading files from multiple sources
- Gwenview now includes an easy to use photo import tool
- Application Launcher Menu tool tips: now if the Application Launcher Menu "Format" is set to "Name Only" or "Description Only" a tool tip will appear when hovering over a menu entry displaying the other component (e.g. with "Name Only" the tool tip will display the Description and vice versa).
- KDM in Mandriva now automatically triggers XFdrake, the X server configuration tool in Mandriva, if the X server can't be started normally allowing users to easily reconfigure their display configuration.
- Ia-Ora KDE theme:
- Multiple crash fixes
- Various fixes / improvements regrading themes colours and list view alternative background colours
- Window tabbing support: Now IaOra-KDE supports window tabbing, i.e. several windows can be grouped together, like what the Oxygen style can do
- Qt, The current version in 2010.1 is the latest stable version, 4.6.2.
- Nepomuk now uses Virtuoso as its back-end to store data, which should give faster tagging and indexing.
- Nepomuk have Timeline support in Dolphin, which allows to see the new tags as a function of the modification date.
- Amarok 2.3.1 Beta1: improved podcast support, a newly designed toolbar and the possiblity of automatically using a USB mass storage device for the collection when it’s connected.
- FFmpegThumbs: a new KDE4 video preview/thumbnailer implementation, based on FFmpegThumbnailer, it's very light on resources and works for all video file types supported by FFmpeg.
- KTorrent 4.0 beta 2: redesigned GUI for better ergonomy.
- Digikam and kipi-plugins 1.2.0, the latest version, are available in the official repositories.
- The KDE Webkit based browser reKonq was updated to version 0.4 which includes kwallet support, AdBlock support, and many more improvements/features.
- The KDE 4 port of KmyMoney now reached beta status and is available in the official repositories.
- Dynamic backgrounds, changing based on time of the day, are now supported and used by default.
- Firefox 3.6.3. This brand new version comes with lots of improvements in performance. You will find also some new functionalities to improve global ergonomy:
- Tab previews: to activate this new feature, open about:config in your browser and look for browser.CtrlTab.previews parameter.
- Support for Persona themes.
- More feedback information like report when an installed plug-in is out of date.
- For an overview of Firefox 3.6 features, you can check this Ars Technica article.
- KDE Integration, now under KDE4, Firefox uses the KDE file chooser, and respects the KDE file type association settings.
- OpenOffice.org 3.2: startup speed has been improved a lot. Some improvements also in OpenXML files import and basic docx file export.
- Chromium (Google's browser) is available in the official repositories. It's, for now, available only for both i586 and x86_64 in the contrib repositories.
- Opera: The Opera browser is now available in the official Non-free repository (this is a recent addition as up until recently the Opera license only allowed adding it in the restricted Powerpack repositories).
- Gnash 0.8.7 snapshot.
- xine-lib 1.2 with support for VDPAU for hardware accelerated rendering of high definition video is now available.
- Clementine player has been packaged for Mandriva. This is a port of Amarok 1.4 to QT4, for people who prefer the older Amarok GUI.
- Deluge 1.2.3 (final) is now available in Cooker. It has a rewritten web UI and performance improvements.
- The popular media centre software XMBC is now available in Mandriva Cooker. Ideal for setting up a Home Theatre PC (HTPC) with Mandriva!
- Transmission 1.92 is now available in Mandriva Cooker. It adds support for magnet links and trackerless torrents and has many other improvements.
- qBittorrent, a light weight but feature-full Qt-based BitTorrent client is available in the official repositories.
- New versions of the personal finances management applications Skrooge and Homebank were released : Skrooge 0.7.0 brings many new features and improvements, mostly focusing on import and export. Homebank 4.2.1 brings similar improvements with a new trend time reports.
- libgpod 0.7.93 was released and this version brings iPhone, iPod Touch and iPod Nano 5G support for gtkpod, Rhythmbox and Amarok.
- Gutenprint 5.2.5 adds support for many new Epson printers.
- System-config-printer 1.2.0 is now Hal Free and uses Udev for printer auto-detection.
- Video editors updates:
- Lives 1.3.2 brings PulseAudio support, many improvements to multi-track mode, a startup wizard for new users, some new real-time transitions and improved performance.
- Kdenlive 0.7.7.1 now includes colour themes, an improved titler and a few other new features.
- The OpenShot video editor was imported in Mandriva recently. The package is now at version 1.1.3.
- Major new version 2.0.0 of the Bluefish web editor. It adds autocompletion for HTML, CSS and PHP, inline help, inline spell checking, a character map, upload/download synchronization with remote web sites, automatic document recovery and more.
- Imwheel has been removed from Mandriva distribution as it was getting really old and buggy. Please report any bugs you could have because of this.
- Nouveau driver: it's now used as the default free driver for nVidia graphics cards instead of of the nv. Nouveau will bring Kernel Mode Setting support, 2D acceleration, and RandR 1.2 support (for easy multi-monitor setup).
- Mesa 7.8: 3D support has been enabled for the ATI R600 and R700 chipets (ATI Radeon HD 2000 and later), you can now enjoy 3D acceleration with the free ATI drivers.
- Intel X11 driver version 2.11.0 is now included. Together with kernel 2.6.33 it brings video overlay support for more CPU efficient video playback.
- X.org related packages have been updated to X.org release 7.5. Also included xserver version 1.7.6.
- The free ATI driver has been updated to version 6.13. This version supports kernel-mode setting support (enabled by default in the TMB kernel) and adds support for some newer ATI cards.
- HAL use has been removed from printing system now. Please report any trouble you may have in printers detection and daily work.
- Linux kernel 184.108.40.206 release: Some noteworthy changes include: ** The new Nouveau driver for nVidia graphics cards is now included in the kernel and is now used by default on Mandriva instead of the nv driver.
- DRBD, the Distributed Replicated Block Device driver, which is useful on High Availability clusters is now included in the kernel.
- There is a new experimental Compcache driver, which compresses part of the memory, effectively increasing the amount of memory you can use. Note that Mandriva does not yet include the user space tools to effectively use this.
- The Anticipatory I/O scheduler was removed and there were the usual improvements to the default CFQ I/O scheduler.
- Of course there are also many improvements to hardware support, such as a new driver for WIFI devices with the Ralink RT2800 and Realtek RTL8192U chipsets.
- TMB kernel in Contrib uses the BFS process scheduler now, bringing improved responsiveness.
- ntfs-3g driver 2010.03.06: Performance and timestamps fixes.
- Glibc 2.11.1: many performance improvements. For example, binutils package now comes with STT_GNU_IFUNC support.
- The GDB debugger was updated to version 7.1. Developers are excited about the process record and replay and reverse debugging features.
- General build options: all packages are now linked with the -Wl,-O1 linker options. This can improve start-up performance of applications linked with many different libraries.
- Dracut, a replacement for mkinitrd, has been improved to better integrate with Mandriva (but it is still experimental and does not replace mkinitrd by default) You can create a new initrd with Dracut by hand if you want, or start using it by default the next time you install a new kernel by running update-alternatives --config mkinitrd and selecting dracut.
- Ruby 1.9.1 is now available in Contrib. This new version is much more faster than the previous Ruby 1.8 series.
- USB/IP, a tool for using USB devices over the network, is now packaged in Cooker.
- microcode_ctl package has been enhanced to automatically download the latest microcode for you CPU and now supports AMD CPUs. Intel microcode is also available from the new microcode package in non-free.
- Python has been updated to the 2.6.5 release.
- The Sysklogd system log daemon has been replaced by rsyslog. rsyslog is a very modern system logger with very active development. It includes advanced features such as storing logs in SQL databases, e-mail warnings on some log messages, support for sending syslog messages over TCP and many more.
- Munin 1.4.4: better scalability, many new plug-ins for monitoring MySQL, PostgreSQL, Asterisk and others.
- Spamassassin has been updated to version 3.3.1. There are new plug-ins and adaptations of the default scores for better spam detection. The rules now are in a separate spamassassin-rules package and by default sa-update is run on a daily basis to update them.
- Monitoring tool Zabbix has been updated to new version 1.8.2. This release brings much improved performance and GUI.
- Postfix 2.7.0 is now available, bringing improved performance in content filtering and address verification.
- MySQL packages were reorganized a bit. The mysql-max package was dropped and its features were merged in the standard mysql packages. The clustered storage engine NDB was removed from the mysql package and is now available in the mysql-cluster package.
- Zarafa groupware solution is now included in Mandriva (Community version).
- This release of Mandriva Linux brings a fully-functional Network-Manager plugin, developed and maintained by Andrey Borzenkov from Mandriva community, which is able to use all features supported by the Mandriva Network Tools (drakx-net). Note that while drakx-net tools remain the official Mandriva network configuration utilities, this plugin allows users who are used to the Network-Manager and want to use it while having all Mandriva-specific features.