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Mandriva Linux содержит следующие видео приложения: MythTV tvtime xawtv Kaffeine Xine Mplayer (also has GUI interfaces: gmplayer and kmplayer) VLC Ogle Totem
Этот топик ответит на 3 главных вопроса: Q: Как я могу посмотреть DVD в Mandriva Linux?
Q: Как я могу посмотреть кодированный DVD's в Mandriva Linux?
Q: Как я могу использовать DVD менюю в Mandriva Linux?
Q: Как я могу посмотреть DVD в Mandriva Linux?
В Linux много программ которые проигрывают DVD's, большинство из них является Media Players которыми ты можешь использовать как для видео так и для аудио воспроизведения.
Вот основный приложения:
Xine Mplayer Ogle VideoLan (aka VLC)
Большинство плееров используют Xine или MPlayer как (движок ???) player backend и предоставляют дружелюбный пользовательский интерфей, что позволяет их интергрировать с разными менеджерами окон.
Некоторые KDE приложения включают:
- Kaffeine (uses Xine or MPlayer) http://kaffeine.sourceforge.net/
- Codeine (uses Xine or MPlayer) http://www.kde-apps.org/content/show.php?content=17161
- KPlayer (uses Xine or MPlayer) http://kplayer.sourceforge.net/
- KMPlayer (uses Xine or MPlayer) http://kmplayer.kde.org/
Некоторые Gnome приложения включают:
- Totem (uses Xine or GStreamer) http://www.gnome.org/projects/totem/
- Gxine (uses Xine) http://xinehq.de/
- ogle_gui (uses Ogle) http://www.dtek.chalmers.se/groups/dvd/
Как установить Media Player: Сначала убедитесь что Вы иммете подключение Software Repositories configured, включая Contrib and PLF. Next use the Software Installer to install your chosen Media Player, it is strongly recommended that you install the PLF versions of these players if available, as they have extra features turned on that it is not legal for Mandriva to distribute.
Q: I'm trying to play a Commercial DVD, but all I get is a warning that the DVD is encrypted / that I am not in the right region / all I see is garbage, what gives???
Commercial DVD's are protected by 2 forms of DRM, namely Region Encoding and CSS Encryption. Region Encoding prevents you from playing DVD's from outside your region on your DVD player, in order to protect the movie studios local distribution network from imported copies, e.g. Zone 1 USA DVD's cannot be played on Region 2 UK DVD players. CSS Encryption prevents you from playing DVD's on unlicensed players that might allow copying of the DVD, licensees of the DVD encryption must agree to stringent terms, which include closed-source. There are no licensed players available for Linux, so technically speaking in many countries there is no legal way offered for Linux users to view the DVD's they own the right to watch.
Fortunately, a Norwegian known as DVDJon cracked the encryption in only 23 lines of code and released it onto the internet. This code also by-passes the Region Encoding allowing you to watch any region DVD you like. After prolonged legal battles the movie studios appear to have stopped attempting to close the stable door and appear to be leaving us to watch our legally purchased DVD's in peace so long as we do not illegally share them. However, it is still illegal for Mandriva to distribute the DeCSS hack, any attempt on their part would certainly lead to legal action. That's where the PLF (Penguin Liberation Front) come into play. There are countries where DeCSS is perfectly legal, or legally ambiguous enough, to allow the hosting of the required files by PLF.
If it is legal to do so in your country, or you are willing to break the law and not hold me liable for doing so, then here are the instructions to install the decryption libraries.
Let me repeat that, the following is illegal in many countries, only perform this step if it is legal to do so in your country, or if you are willing to take full personal responsibilty for the possible consequences of your actions. First ensure you have a full set of Software Repositories configured, including Contrib and PLF. Next use the Software Installer to upgrade your chosen Media Player to the PLF version, if one is available and you haven't already done so. Finally use the Software Installer to install the following packages from PLF: libdvdcss2 libcss0
You should now be able to watch your encrypted DVD's in peace. If your chosen Media Player still does not play the encrypted DVD's, then you will probably need to switch to a player that does support doing so, such as Xine or MPlayer or their many derivatives.
Q: I want to use the DVD menus to select options/extra material/hidden easter eggs, but all my player does is start playng the movie, what gives?
Most Media Players do not support DVD menus out of the box, being designed to simply play video files, and for a long time there was no support for DVD menus. Finally Ogle developed a plugin for menus which was soon adopted by Xine and many other projects. As with many things in Linux, DVD Menus are implemented as common plugin libraries that are shared by many players, and are only installed if you want them to be installed. Therefore to enable DVD menus you need to install the correct plugin for your chosen player, if that player supports Menus.
NOTE: MPlayer and derivatives do not support DVD menus due to limitations in MPlayer. You will need to use a different player instead. First ensure you have a full set of Software Repositories configured, including Contrib and PLF. Next use the Software Installer to upgrade your chosen Media Player to the PLF version, if one is available and you haven't already done so. Finally use the Software Installer to install the following packages: libdvdnav libdvdplay vlc-plugin-dvdnav (only if using VLC) gstreamer-libdvdnav (only if using GStreamer based player)
Xine and derivatives, and Ogle are known to use libdvdnav. VLC is known to use libdvdplay.